Video / Audio - Livelihoods and Culture
The Sukutan community, Laikipia, Kenya, survives because of the spring they live next to. They use it for their livestock and share it with other communities, as well as with the abundant wildlife in the area. With rising climate change impacts they have witnessed an increase in inter-tribal conflict but lessons can be learnt from living together. (ResourceAfrica UK, 2012)
Deep in the remaining old growth forests of Borneo, the Setulang Dayak village guards its forest with deep commitment. To date, the village's traditional law of Tana Olen (forbidden forest), withstands increasing pressure from encroaching logging industries. Now as rapid development rolls in, the village is trying to secure sustainable and forest-friendly future, including an eco-tourism venture and carbon credits (UNU-IAS, 2010).
Land has breath, an umbilical cord, nose, mouth eyes and ears... everything that exists on earth is alive. Altai is a harmonious co-existence of humanity and nature. This is traditional wisdom of the people of Russia's Altai Republic, located at the crossroads of China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. The mountains here host rich indigenous culture that has protected the natural environment for countless generations. (UNU-IAS, 2010)
In the new scramble for Africa, big business is looking for huge swathes of land for agriculture and biofuels. Governments are only too happy to sell it to them, but at what costs to the local people? This 25 minute debate with experts from African civil society groups explores the issue of land grabbing in Africa. The international NGO Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) has released two reports, examining land transactions in West and Central Africa, which have implications for what is happening across the continent. They say governments are often dangerously split, with one ministry moving to protect rural land rights, while another is busy selling it off to agribusiness and mining. But large-scale developments are already planned for nearly three quarters of the country, meaning these rights may not be worth the paper they are written on. Other examples are present in Ghana, where a project converting forest and crop land into jatropha (a plant used to make biodiesel) plantations resulted in harsh migrant-native farmer conflicts over lost jobs and income, along with the clearing of 780 hectares. (PressTVGlobalNews 2013)
Resilience is the ability to cope and recover from abrupt change. Indigenous peoples who are organised, confident to adjust their systems to changing circumstances, while maintaining their identity strong, will be better able to withstand shocks caused by climate change. The film shows 5 examples of this: cultural resilience; traditional forest management; strengthening customary law to live within the limits of the environment; maintaining seed diversity; and adapting traditional systems to cope with water scarcity. (LifeMosaic, 2010)